The establishment of the holy Yumbu Lhakhang was initiated in the 2nd century at the time of the first Tibetan King called Nyatri Tsenpo (Ohbayra another name for the king) who was enthroned in the year 126 B.C, as Tibetans believed that he is descended from heaven. The literal meaning for the Yumbu Lhakhang is female deer, where the actual location of the holy chapel is situated on a hill named Tashi Tsere which is structured as a female deer.
The name of the holy chapel is taken from the structure of the hill, this Yumbu is the earliest building in Tibet and historically it is said the First Building in Tibet. At present it locates in Nyedong county in Lhokha prefecture. The winter palace was for King Songtsen Gampo in the 7th century, and before that, it was a palace for many previous kings in which during the 5th century at the time of King Lha Thothori, there is a mythical story happened.
According to the locals, the story goes like this a holy scripture fall down from heaven on the roof of the Yumbu Lhakhang and no one is able to read that even the scholars, meantime there is a mighty voice from heaven commanding them that “after five generations a person is coming to read and understand that is jotted on the scripture”.
This is showing at the time of King Songtsen Gampo, many scholars were sent to India to learn Sanskrit and various languages they succeeded in translating and creating Tibetan Grammar and Literature and opened the eyes of Tibet by flaming the wisdom candle to the people of Tibet in the 7th century at a place called Papongka.
Later the fifth Dalai Lama reside there and opened a Yellow Hat Sect school there and from there it became a holy and sacred shrine in Tibet. The main chapel contains the Successive Kings statue and the Three Tenses statues of Buddhas.
Where the Yumbu Lhakhang is one highly damaged during Cultural Revolution and then renovated in the 1960s and still it is able to catch many eyes from the world. Especially, the spread of colorful prayer flags all around the Tashi Tsere hill gives a perfect sense of holiness, and villages with square agricultural lands are most amazing if someone gives a look at the holy chapel.