Tips to arrange Tibet tour free of altitude problem

Important Tips and Information on Altitude Changes and High-Altitude Sickness in Tibet
Thousands of people travel to Tibet every year to experience the unique culture, and visit some of the highest and most remote areas of the world. Whether you are there to see the monasteries and unique culture or to trek around the high mountains and lakes, one thing you need to consider is the hugely increased altitude on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Then for many travelers, altitude sickness is most concerning part of the Tibet tours and few of them may give up the once in a life experiences in Tibet just because of the altitude concern, honestly speaking, it is a natural effect of being on a high altitude, and more important is to know about the altitude sickness and have prepared how to prevent the altitude sickness.
 
Altitude Categories and zones Corresponding Attractions and Tours in Tibet
9000 m / 29530 feet Death Zone Mt Everest, Mt Shishapama, Mt Lotse, Mt Makalu, Mt Choyu
Tibet Mountaineering Tours only
8000 m / 26240 feet
7000 m / 22965 feet Extreme Altitude Mt Lhakpa Ri Trekking
6000 m / 19685 feet
5000 m / 16404 feet Very High Altitude Mt Everest Base Camp Tours, Mt Kailash Tours, Tibet Trekking Tours
4000 m / 13123 feet Tibetan Cultural Tour to Shigatse, Tibet Spiritual Tours to Tsedang.
Namtso lake, Yamdrok lake, Mt Kailash
3900 m / 12795 feet High Altitude Tibet Group Tours, Tibet Lhasa Tours
2000 m / 6561 feet Lhasa, Potala Palace, Jokhang temple
1000 m / 3280 feet Sea Level  
0m / 0 feet  
 
What is Altitude Sickness?
Altitude sickness is a disorder caused by being at high altitude, where oxygen levels are low, without gradually getting used to the increase in altitude.
In other terms, it is also known as acute mountain sickness (AMS), altitude illness, hypobaropathy, Acosta disease, puna, and soroche.
Our bodies are used to working at our usual environment. When we travel higher they need to adapt. Altitude starts to have an effect when you ascend around 1,500m – 2,000m or 4920 feet – 6560 feet. Our body will start to behave differently as it tries to adapt for the change in the new environment and low oxygen levels. If you go up too fast to above 2500m or 8200 feet, then mild altitude illness and symptoms are very common.
Some very strange things can happen to your body when you go high! Most people who have been to altitude can tell you about having headaches, being out of breath, sleeping badly and lost appetite. These are symptoms of AMS, AMS is uncomfortable, not life threatening. If the AMS symptoms become severe and you keep going higher, then it will lead to worse situation.

Altitude Graphics of Major cities in Tibet

How to arrange your Tibet tour by concerning altitude in Tibet?
Generally, if you give enough time to acclimatize, then most of the people can adjust to altitude between 5,000m (Mt Everest Base Camp) and 5,500m (Mt Kailash Trekking). Above 5,500m few people can adjust anymore and it would take longer time for acclimatization or may need special altitude trainings to adapt.
So, what is different about travel at altitude? The main difference is that as you go higher the air pressure gets lower (the air gets thinner), and this means for any single breath that you take there will be less oxygen for your body. Oxygen is needed to give you the energy to move, but is also needed simply to keep your body alive and many other biological things your body does normally without you knowing about it.
As your body gets less oxygen it adapts. You breathe faster and deeper. It makes more red cells to carry more oxygen in the blood and changes take time to happen.
Therefore, acclimatization is very important while you arrange your Tibet tour itinerary, normally we advise to ascend no more than 300m – 400m (980feet – 1300feet) higher at the end of each day, going higher during the day is ok if you go down to sleep at lower altitudes. Always remember “go high and sleep low”.
It is crucial to at least spend two full days in Lhasa which is 3650m or 11975feet, it will allow your body to acclimatize correctly and make it easier for you to acclimatize when you go higher up to Shigatse and Everest Base Camp slowly.

Tibet tour altitude graphic table 

Best Practices of Acclimatization in Tibet.
When the body slowly adapts to lower oxygen levels the process is called acclimatization. Different people acclimatize at different speeds, so there is no certain rule or method that works for everyone, but there are good guidelines that works for everyone effectively. Over 3000m, ascend slowly and make sure you have at least two full days in the same altitude to adapt and examine yourself how you feel, sleeping no more than 300m – 400m higher at the end of each day. Going higher during the day is ok if you go down to sleep (walk high – sleep low). If you go up higher and can’t descend – take a rest day to allow your body time to catch up.
If your time allows, a rest day scheduled after every 2 to 3 days will also help. Driving or flying to high altitude means more people will suffer from mild AMS. It is sensible to find out about the height of your planned route before you travel. Better still make a drawing to show the height that you will sleep at each night. If you don’t know as. There is no better way to spot the days which are likely to cause altitude illness.
 
Start your journey below 3,100 m or 10,000 feet. If you should fly or drive somewhere that’s higher up, stop at one destination that’s lower for at least a full day before going any higher. Like Xining is a good destination before you head into Tibet, Xining is only 2,275m and the train journey from Xining to Lhasa through the Tibet Skyline train is magnificent.
If you have a trekking tour, hiking tour, or climb over 3,100m or 10,000 feet, only go up an additional 300 m to 400m (980 feet to 1,300 feet) per day.
“Climb high and sleep low”: If you must climb over high passes during the day, make sure you come back down to a lower altitude to sleep.
Drink 3-4 quarts of water every day
Don’t use tobacco, alcohol, or other medications, such as sleeping pills.
Know how to identify the first signs of altitude sickness. Immediately move to a lower elevation if you start to develop these symptoms.
 
Altitude Change from China to Tibet
When traveling from China to Tibet, you are going from an altitude of around sea level (Beijing is at an elevation of just 43 meters) to an elevation in Lhasa of 3,490 meters. Moreover, on the way you will get as high as 5,072 meters above sea level when traveling through the Tanggula Mountain Pass.
 
If you are traveling from Xining to Lhasa, you will start at an elevation of 2,275 meters in Xining, and rise sharply once the train passes Golmud, which sits at an altitude of 2,809 meters. From there it is a short journey of just a few hours before you reach the Kunlun Mountain Pass, which is at an elevation of 4,800 meters. The train ascends very quickly to this high elevation, before leveling out and dropping slightly to continue the journey to the next high point, and the highest on the Qingzang Railway, Tanggula Pass. After Tanggula Pass, the railway descends slowly on the route to Lhasa, where it ends at an elevation of 3,490 meters.
 
The trip from Xining to Lhasa covers major changes in altitude along the route, from medium altitudes such as those in Xining, to the extreme altitude of Tanggula Pass. And it is this sharp change in altitude that often causes High Altitude Sickness, or Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS) as it is sometimes known. This can be even worse if you fly to Lhasa, aas there has been no chance to acclimatize at all.
 
The same can be said of the journey from Lhasa to the far west of Tibet, in the region of Mt. Everest or Mt. Kailash. As you travel west there is an increase in elevation, which can cause altitude sickness, even if you are not exerting yourself. Lhasa is at an altitude of 3,490 meters, while Rongbuk Monastery sits at 4,980 meters above sea level, a difference of almost 1,500 meters. Similarly, Everest Base Camp is at an elevation of 5,200 meters, an increase of over 1,700 meters. It is this change in altitude that causes AMS when one travels too high too fast.
 
Tibet train tours by Explore Tibet

The Common Symptoms of Altitude Sickness (AMS) are:
With a higher chance of altitude sickness due to the extreme elevations outside Lhasa, travelers should know how to recognize the symptoms of altitude sickness, in case they experience it. If you deal with correctly, they are unlikely to be a major problem at all. Dealt with incorrectly they can be disastrous. Failing to treat mild altitude sickness can make it worse, and can even result in death in some extreme cases. The onset of mild altitude sickness includes:
Headache
Dizziness
Fatigue
Shortness of breath
Loss of appetite
Nausea (feeling sick)
Disturbed sleep
General feeling of malaise
Poor appetite (not hungry)

Altitude Sickness Treatment

 

Medication for Altitude Sickness

Tibet Altitude Sickness Treatment
While there is no way to guarantee that you will not get altitude sickness, there are many ways to protect yourself from the more serious outcomes, which only happen rarely. Knowing the early signs of altitude sickness and being willing to acknowledge that they are present, is half of the battle. Mild altitude sickness is more common than you would think, and is generally not debilitating if taken seriously. Once you have recognized that you or someone in your party has the symptoms, it is important not to ascend to a higher elevation, and it is recommended to descend to an altitude where the symptoms disappear or decline. Since Kunlun is the extreme part of the climb, and the rest of the journey is relatively level, before actually dropping on the route into Lhasa, this can help with the treatment.
 
One way to help counter the effects of altitude sickness it to breath in a little oxygen through a nasal breathing tube, like those used in hospitals. Oxygen canisters are available almost everywhere in Tibet, and can be filled in most cities if you run out. They are expensive to buy, but most shops will buy them back off you when you leave. Alternatively, your tour operator and guide may carry some in the car for emergencies.
 
Air contains the same 20.9% of oxygen at all altitudes, and it is the change in pressure that makes it feel lower, so you have what is known as “effective” oxygen content. By breathing oxygen, you are effectively increasing the oxygen content of the air, the lack of which is the main cause of AMS. However, there is a risk that too much oxygen dependency can have detrimental effects, so it should only be used when necessary.
 
Medication Guide for Altitude Sickness in Tibet
There are also some medications that are helpful in treating and preventing altitude sickness on the plateau, but you should only use them if permitted by your doctor. Diamox is one of the most popular of all the medications that can help with AMS, and many people will tell you to get some if you are traveling to Tibet. You should make sure you discuss the possible effects with your own doctor before traveling, as it may have detrimental effects if you are already taking other medications, or have any heart problems.
There is no foolproof way to avoid getting altitude sickness, as everyone has a different response to high altitudes. However, majority of visitors can avoid getting sick by ascending slowly once over 2,500 meters above sea level.
A good way to help prevent altitude sickness when traveling to Tibet is to spend a few days at a lower altitude that is not above 2,400 meters. Xining, at 2,275 meters above sea level, is ideal for acclimatization, and as long as you are careful and able to recognize the symptoms if they attack on the way up to Lhasa, you should be able to get through with no problems at all.
Diamox the drug acetazolamide (trade name Diamox) is well recommended by many travelers to reduce the effects of AMS, it is useful if you ascend high altitude that is unavoidable. It also helps periodic breathing. It works by speeding up acclimatization, but does not mask the symptoms of AMS. You can still get AMS, HAPE and HACE while taking it.
You must be noted that some people are allergic to Diamox. There are side effects, e.g. tingling, especially of hands, feet and face. Some people find this unpleasant, but it is not harmful and will go away when you stop taking the drug. It also makes you pee even more.

 Basic Medication Guideline for Tibet Tours:

Problems Drugs Suggested Dose
AMS Headache Paracetamol 500mg tablet, 2 Tablets 4 times a day
AMS Nausea Metoclopramide 400mg tablet, 1 tablet 3 times a day
Or Prochlorperazine 1 to 2*5mg tablet up to 3 times a day
AMS Prevention Acetazolamide Half a 250mg tablet 2times a day, started 2 hours before ascent
HACE Oxygen Gas Breathed continuously – cylinder or pressure bag
Dexamethasone - Corticosteroid 8 – 16mg a day in divided doses, for up to 5 days
Acetazolamide 250mg tablet, 1 tablet 3 times a day
HAPE Oxygen Gas Breathed continuously – cylinder or pressure bag
Nifedipine 20mg MR tablet 2 times a day
Acetazolamide 250mg tablet, 1 tablet 3 times a day
Diarrhoea Ciprofloxacin 750mg 2 times a day
Or Azithromycin Capsules taken daily for 3 days
Loperamide 2 mg capsules taken up for 3 days
Infections Amoxycillin 250mg 3 times a day for at least 5 days
Or Metronidazole 200mg 4 times a day or as recommended by Doctor
Cough Pholcodine Linctus 10ml up to 4 times a day
Sore Throat Lozenges with anesthetic i.e. Benzocaine
Dry chapped lips and skin Lip balm & sunscreen With at least SPF 15 – skin section
Moisturizer cream  
Blocked nose Pseudoephedrine 60mg 3 times a day
Or Xylometazoline Nasal spray
Cold sores Acyclovir / Aciclovir 5% cream – 5 times a day for 5 days
Note: the above medicines and dosages are collected based from travelers and other medical resources, so please consult your physician or doctor if you have any allergy or other ailment record.

How to get to Tibet | Explore Tibet 

Do Children Get Altitude Sickness by Traveling in Tibet?
Children have the same problems at high altitude as adults, but it is more difficult to tell when they are having these problems. If you are travelling with children, then you need to specially concern the altitude when you arrange the Tibet tour, make sure your tour will ascend slowly and get enough time for your children to acclimatize, it is good way to have a day or two contingency day in the tour, in case if you need to spend additional day at some places in Tibet when the children feel the altitude illness. Parents should be guided by the children’s fussiness, eating, sleeping and activeness. If these are worse than usual the child should be assumed to have altitude illness and stay at the same altitude or descend until they are better.
 
Who Gets Altitude Sickness?
Anyone who go to high altitude can develop altitude sickness, no matter how fit you are, how young you ar, or how healthy you are -- even sometimes Olympic athletes can get it. In fact, being physically active at a high elevation makes you more likely to get it, especially during first few days of your arrival at high altitude places.
 
Your chance of getting altitude sickness depends on a few other things: how quickly you move to a higher elevation, how high you go up within a single day, the altitude where you sleep, and other factors.
Having certain illnesses like diabetes or lung disease doesn’t automatically make you more likely to develop altitude sickness. But your genes could play a role in your body’s ability to handle higher elevations.

Fast facts on altitude sickness and its influences in Tibet

  • At higher elevations, the number of oxygen molecules per breath decreases, so your body increase your breathing speed to get more oxygen.
  • Symptoms of altitude sickness include weakness, sleepiness, lack of appetite and easy to forget, so it is very common that sometimes you could make silly mistakes.
  • Electronic Batteries have shorter life in high altitude area, so your mobile devices and Cameras may need to recharge frequently, don’t think it is your devices problem.
  • Disturbed sleep during the first few nights at altitude is common and normal. You may be slow in getting to sleep, wake up a lot and feel that you have not slept well, or feel less refreshed. Poor sleep may be related to how well your body is adjusting. As you acclimatize sleep usually improves.
  • Consume between 4 to 6 liters of water per day. Eat a high-calorie diet while at high altitude. Climb high and sleep low. Avoid smoking as much as possible. Do not consume alcoholic drinks, especially for the first few days at your arrival.
  • You will need to pee more, your balance may become unsteady, your eyesight could change and your nails will grow differently.
  • Cosmetics bottles and snack packs are inflated and expanded in seize, it is because of the low atmospheric pressure in the high altitude which imbalanced the pressure inside and outside the containers, so be careful when you open the toothpaste and hand creams when you arrive Lhasa, it will puff out a mess.

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