Gyangtse Kumbum Stupa and Palcho Monastery

Chinese name: 十万佛塔& 白居寺

English Name: Pelkor Chode Monastery or Palcho Monastery

Tibetan Name: རྒྱང་རྩེ་དཔལ་སྐོར་ཆོས་སྡེ།།

 Location: At the northeast of Gyantse County, 100 km east of Shigatse,

Opening time: 09:00-19:00
 

Gyangtse is very famous for its giant architectural stupa in Tibet, called Kumbum and Pelkor Chode monastery next to it. Both the stupa and monastery are located on the far north side of the town. Where the Kumbum literally means “hundred thousand images of Buddha”, that is the only Nepalese styled stupa in whole Tibet standing at 34m high. However, while waking via the white layers until to the sixth floor trimmed with decorative stripes. The mural paintings and wall paintings are the wonders of the stupa that mostly date back to its original time, there are around 108 cells all around the stupa and every cell has different paintings and statues inside. While waking in the clockwise ascent up to the top from where you will have a beautiful view of the old part of the town in the shadow of the fort.


Pelkor Chode monastery was founeded in the 14th century by the prince Kusang Rabten Kunsang Phak, the monastery is prominent with the main image of present Buddha, sitting right at the center of the inner temple attached to the assembly hall. Apart from the yellow hat order, the Sakyapa order and obscure Buton suborder are also located in the same monastery. During the month of Saka Dawa (birthday anniversary of Lord Buddha), pilgrims gather at the monastery to see its blessing ritual dance called Cham (a religious dance perform by the monks). Nevertheless, some parts of the monastery were damaged during the Cultural Revolution and still inside walls of the main assembly hall remains burnt and black in color that damaged the murals inside.

History

Pelkor Chode monastery

Pelkor Chode Monastery is located in the northeast of Gyantse and it is the Landmark of Tibetan art history. Encircled by mountains on 3 sides, the monastery is composed of 4 major parts: Buddhist halls, tower, Zhangcang(Hall for the monks), and the surrounding wall. Because it was built when different religious sectors conflicted neck and neck in Tibet, Sakyapa, Kadampa and Gelukpa of Tibetan Buddhism coexist in it.
It is an important cultural relic protection unit on the level of the Tibet.
 

Three main features: Kumbum Stupa, Main temple, Murals

 

1. Kumbum Stupa is the most symbolic architecture in the monastery, which attracts tourists and artists with its sculptures. It is 42.4 meters high and it is composed of nine layers of nearly 77 temple halls with enshrining more than 100,000 Buddha statues in halls, niches and on murals, hence the nickname "Ten Thousand Stupa".

 

2. The main temple of the monastery is called Tsulaklakang, it has an Assembly Hall and well preserved. The structure has three floors and has well-preserved murals and images of the fifteenth century. 

You can see colorful silk Thankas of Arhats are hanging around the pillared hall, and yak butter lanterns illuminate the rear part of the temple, at the entrance to the main Assembly hall, there is a protector shrine called Gonkhang.

 

3. Murals: Pelkor Chode Monastery is also noted for its distinctive sculptures and murals. Murals on themes of "Esoteric and Exoteric Buddhism", and the story of the Buddha are found in profusion in the monastery. The murals have left a deep influence on Tibetan painting art. 

 

Saga Dawa Festival is the most important festival here. On that day, many Lamas and pilgrims will come to Pelkor Chode Monastery for praying. 500 lamas perform chanting in the monastery and thousands of pilgrims attend the ceremony. If you want more information, you can contact us at sales@exploretibet.com.

TAG: Pelkor Chode Monastery Saga Dawa Tibetan History

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